30 May 2023

Bangladesh: Top journalists’ body condemns arrest under ‘controversial’ law  

File photo - Photo Desk

The main platform of Bangladeshi newspaper editors, Editors’ Council [Sampadak Parishad], on Tuesday condemned the recent spate of arrests and harassments on professionals under the controversial digital law.

The council expressed concerns over the cases and arrest of editors, journalists, writers and university teachers under the Digital Security Act (DSA) for expressing critical views about mismanagement in dealing with Covid-19.

It also expressed grave concern about the deteriorating environment for free and independent journalism and increasing instances of police action against media professionals. 

In the last few months, close to 40 journalists have been charged under the DSA out of whom 37 have been arrested. These arrests have created an atmosphere of fear and intimidation, making regular journalistic work extremely risky if not nearly impossible, said a statement signed by council’s president Mahfuz Anam and secretary general Naem Nizam.

This attack on journalists and the media is occurring when Bangladesh, in fighting the Covid-19 pandemic, needs reliable and independent media the most to protect itself from fake news and panic generated by misinformation, the council stated.

The Bangladeshi media is playing a vital role in keeping the people informed, publishing news of successes and hope, pointing out inadequacies of our pandemic response, and facilitating public dialogue to map out our course for rebuilding. An attack on the media at this time is to endanger our possibility of stable recovery, it said.

"We also notice with deep concern that DSA has become a most frequently used law when more time-tested laws to dispense justice exist in our statutes. This is because under DSA, police can arrest without warrant and most of the provisions (14 out of 20) are non-bailable which ensure the person arrested remains in jail," Sampadak Parishad said.  

Some of the frequently cited reasons for arrests under DSA are: criticising local administration, spreading rumours, covering protests, making defamatory remarks, harming religious harmony, writing false news, etc. These reasons for arrest are by definition vague and subject to wide and arbitrary interpretation, it said.

DSA empowers the police to arrest on suspicion and without warrant. Out of its 20 provisions of punishment, 14 are non-bailable and as such whenever a case is lodged police promptly arrests and when an accused is brought before a magistrate he or she is almost automatically sent to jail, the statement read.

Sampadak Parishad feels that DSA has become a plaything in the hands of a vested quarter who use this anti-press and anti-freedom of expression law whimsically and at will to harass and intimidate journalists and to prevent them from exposing corruption and misuse of funds that the government is presently allocating for the people, especially the poor. 

"From the outset Sampadak Parishad opposed this law as we knew of its evil consequences on free media and freedom of speech. At that time the law minister assured the media that DSA was enacted only to prevent cyber-crime and will never be used to curtail freedom of the press. Statistics show that more journalists, teachers, and intellectuals have been arrested under DSA than cyber criminals, especially in the last six months," the Daily Star reports citing the statement.

Given our original objection and the experience of the last two and half years we are more convinced than ever that DSA must be scrapped if freedom of speech and freedom of the press are to have any meaning.

"Thus we demand that use of the dreaded Digital Security Act (DSA) against the media and journalists must be stopped immediately and we urge the parliament to take expeditious steps to remove this anti-freedom law from our statutes," Sampadak Parishad said.  

"We also demand the immediate release of all journalists arrested under DSA and withdrawal of cases against them and measures be taken against them who have blatantly misused this law for vengeance and personal gains," it said.

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